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Nothing adds new life to walls like a new coat of paint. Paint can instantly make over a drab room or cover over nicks and scratches.

Paints are classified by the liquids they're made with. For example, oil-based paints contain oil as their bonding agent, so they are super glossy. Oil-based paints are thick and often used on exterior surfaces to provide a protective barrier against the elements. Latex paints are water-based, so they aren't as glossy. They are most often used on indoor walls because they spread easily and splatters can be cleaned up with soap and water.

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Primers are resin-based, so they coat uneven surfaces by filling holes and cracks in the wall for paint to be applied smoothly.

Paints are categorized as glossy, semi-gloss or matte, depending on the amount of pigment in the paint - the more pigment, the flatter the paint.

Wall Texturing

Wall texturing adds unique dimension to flat, drab walls. However, wall texturing also has a functional purpose. Many aren't aware that wall texturing is an ideal way to cover minor nicks, cracks, flaws, stains and unevenness on your home's existing walls.

Wall texture can easily be added with paint, stucco, fabrics, wallpaper, wood paneling or faux wall texturing products. The easiest and most economical way to add texture to your walls is by using pre-mixed wall-texturing paste in a can, or wall-texturing spray. Applicators can be used to make any wall-texturing pattern you like.

Wall Stencils

Wall stencils can be applied over an old coat of paint or over a fresh coat of paint, as long as it's a solid base coat. Once you're ready to stencil, place your stencil transfer firmly on the wall with masking tape and dip the end of an almost dry paintbrush into a small amount of paint. Dab the paint into the interior of your stencil. Once the stencil dries, you can apply a protective coating of paint sealant to your stencil to preserve it.

Faux Wall Treatments

Applying faux wall treatments refers to creating the look of a specific material - such as fabric, suede, rock or concrete - by using basic interior wall paints. Some of the more popular faux wall techniques include rag rolling, sponging and stenciling.

Rag rolling is applied in irregular sections (similar to a camouflage pattern) with latex or any fast-drying wall paint. Wall sponging is blotted on with fresh paint by dabbing walls with a sponge in a random manner to get a feathered effect. Wall stenciling is applied over a smooth base color.

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